Equine Cushing’s Syndrome (ECS)

Horses, like humans, are living longer, healthier lives and as a consequence, certain age related diseases are becoming more prevalent.  Equine Cushing’s Syndrome (ECS) is a disease of the endocrine system caused by an abnormality of the pituitary gland situated at the base of the brain.  A characteristic of ECS is the production of excessive amounts of the hormone cortisol which negatively impacts on the horse’s ability to effectively regulate blood pressure/cardiac function and protein/carbohydrate/fat metabolism. Equine Cushing’s Syndrome (ECS) has been documented to affect more than 10% of horses over 15 years of age (McGowan, 2003). While the condition

Gastric Ulcers

What are gastric ulcers? Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome (EGUS) is the result of the progressive erosion of the lining within the distal oesophagus, stomach and proximal small intestine caused by gastric acid attack. EGUS can be a painful condition with serious health and performance implications for affected horses. Gastric ulcers are most often present on the upper lining of the stomach and also at the junction between the upper and lower regions (Margo Plicatus). The lower portion of the stomach (glandular region) secretes a protective mucous in addition to having the capacity to produce digestive enzymes, thereby reducing the effects

Laminitis

Laminitis is one of the most common causes of lameness in horses and ponies.  Within the hoof are sensitive, thin plate like structures called laminae, which supply nutrition to hoof and act as primary support to the pedal bone within the hoof.  The term laminitis refers to inflammation of these laminae, which is instigated via the reaction of the laminitic trigger factors and laminae.  Consequently, the degradation and separation of the laminae leads to cascade of problems for horses’ health and quality of life. Common causative agents for instigating an episode of laminitis include the following; Excessive intake of high

Potassium Plus

Abstract Potassium is a key electrolyte important for maintaining tissue osmotic pressure and acid base equilibrium, and playing a key role in nerve function and muscle contraction.  Potassium is found within all cells and its levels are primarily controlled by the kidneys.  Potassium losses can cause dramatic drop in race performance and may lead to premature muscle fatigue and mental irritability.  Blood Potassium levels below 3.5mmol/L can affect the ability of your horse to win. Potassium PLUS Potassium is a key electrolyte important for maintaining tissue osmotic pressure and acid base equilibrium, and playing a key role in nerve function

Blood pH

Abstract  The blood of the racehorse has a very delicate acid and base balance.  Following exercise muscle cells and blood become acidic (an excess of H+ ions) particularly during sprint work or maximum exertion.  Optimum performance demands that this balance be maintained within the critical limit of 7.42-7.45. A blood pH below 7.40 indicates acidosis or lowered alkali reserve causing muscle fatigue, mental irritability, poor performance and muscle soreness. Blood pH The blood of the racehorse has a very delicate acid and base balance.  Following exercise muscle cells and blood become acidic (an excess of H+ ions) particularly during sprint